My students have been asked to use a children’s reference book to record some interesting information about a Canadian animal, sport or symbol.
I chose soccer to prepare an example.
History: Soccer came to England in the 1800s and was first called football. It is still called football in Europe. The first rules were written in 1848. The first organized soccer game in Canada was played in Toronto, Ontario in 1859.
Uniform: Soccer players wear jerseys and shorts, they wear shin pads under thick socks. The players wear special shoes called cleats that help them to grip the grass field.
Equipment: Soccer is played with a leather ball that is often white and black. The ball is about 22cm in diameter and weighs about 400g.
Facility: Soccer is played on a rectangular-shaped field of grass, painted with lines to distinguish the edges of the field, the centre, corner arcs and the goal creases. (Because of our cold climate in Alberta, children play soccer indoors all winter long. Some play on a slightly smaller field with the same markings and the teams are smaller, often 7v7. Other teams play 6v6, “boarded indoor soccer” on an enclosed field a bit like a hockey rink with green carpet where the ball stays in play when played off the boards unless it hits the net above.)
Here is a photo of my daughter with some of her teammates near the goal of an indoor soccer facility in our area. You can see the green carpet and the painted lines.
Teams: A soccer team has 11 players on each side. Each team has forwards, midfielders and defenders as well as a goal keeper. The players pass the ball to each other with the hope of shooting it into the opposing team’s net. The team without the ball, tries to stop the ball from advancing and to take control of the ball in order to reverse the direction of play.
Rules: The game lasts 90 minutes, usually divided into two 45 minute halves with a break in the middle called “half-time”. The team with the ball is called the offensive team, while the team without the ball is called the defensive team. This can switch at any moment! Only the goal keeper can touch the ball with his or her hands. Players need to keep the ball inside the painted lines on the field. The referee watches carefully and blows the whistle if he or she notices any player not following the rules.
Skills: The referee flips a coin before the game begins and the team that wins the toss can choose which side of the field they begin the game on. The game begins when the player at center kicks the ball to another player on his or her own team. Ball handling is very important in the game of soccer and as players advance they also begin to learn many plays and strategies which help a team to win.
My daughter, Becky, playing outdoor on a grass field!